Turkey Health Literacy Journal http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd <p><strong>Turkey Health Literacy Journal</strong> aims to bring together the parties working on the fields of health protection/development and healthy life on a joint platform. Health literacy means individuals achieving the necessary knowledge, skill and self-confidence level for changing their lifestyle and conditions towards improving self health and social health. It is also closely linked to understanding challenging health conditions and issues. Due to the healthcare services perceived sometimes as complex and confusing, many people have a hard time getting information about health and healthcare options.</p> <p><strong>Turkey Health Literacy Journal</strong> is an academic journal including the scientific studies, researches and analyses conducted towards the purpose of protecting and developing the health of individuals and improving the quality of life.</p> <p><strong>Turkey Health Literacy Journal</strong> is a scientific periodical publication that handles the topics of "Health Literacy" with an interdisciplinary approach in Turkey. Scientific projections of future point out to the need for strengthening the cooperation platforms on the field of health literacy. It is a platform appropriate for knowledge exchange at international level in the field of health literacy.</p> Alban Tanıtım en-US Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2717-7831 Bibliometric Analysis of Medical Specialization Theses on Health Literacy in Turkey http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd/article/view/64 <p><strong>Objective:</strong> In this study, it was aimed to determine the tendencies and neglected aspects of the theses by evaluating the medical specialty theses related to health literacy (HL) in Turkey with the bibliometric analysis method.<br /><strong>Method:</strong> Medical specialty theses published between 1967-2021 in the National Thesis Center (https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi), which is the thesis database of the Council of Higher Education, were scanned with the keywords “Health Literacy” and “Literacy”. The<br />82 theses reached were examined according to various variables (year, scale, research method, universe, etc.).<br /><strong>Results</strong>: 57% of theses were made by family medicine, 33% by public health and 10% by other branches. It was determined that 46%<br />(n=38) of theses were made in the adult population without a specific feature, and 26% (n=21) were made in adult patients who were<br />diagnosed. There is no thesis about immigrants. The most frequently used scale in theses is TSOY-32 (Turkish Health Literacy Scale-32)<br />(%44, n=36) and the most frequently used research method is the cross-sectional research method. It has been determined that the theses evaluating certain subjects and groups with specific scales were made in 2018 and later.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a need to increase the interest of other branches in the subject and not to ignore disadvantaged groups in studies.<br />In order not to make mistakes in comparing studies, consensus on a single scale can be recommended in the assessment of general health literacy. Considering the tendency of health literacy to become specific, it is clear that it is a concept open to development. There is a need for new studies in this regard, especially in neglected aspects.</p> Nilufer Merve Celik Tayfun Kuçlu Copyright (c) 2022 Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 3 2 38 95 Health Literacy and Healthcare in Cancer Screening http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd/article/view/71 <p>It is an undeniable fact that the concept of health literacy, which is valid at all levels in the field of health, contributes to the complete well-being of people. In 1974, WHO defined health literacy as “all the skills of an individual to reach, understand and use health information in order to maintain health and maintain a healthy state so that individuals can live a healthy life” (1,2). All steps, from primary health care services to tertiary and palliative services, can be fed from health literacy. For this reason, low or insufficient level of health literacy can negatively affect the health system. One of the components of primary health care services is preventive health services. In the absence and/or presence of risk factors, all services such as early detection and early treatment of diseases are called preventive health services. Cancer screening is one of the most important preventive health services. Although cancers have high mortality and morbidity levels, it is also possible to identify them early. For this reason, cancer screening programs are important in terms of both individual and social health. Insufficient level of health literacy also causes disruptions in preventive health services. The fact that individuals with insufficient health literacy level apply to cancer screening programs at a lower rate brings about negative consequences in terms of both individual health, social health and cost in social health.</p> Kadir Uçkaç Copyright (c) 2022 Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 3 2 96 101 Cancer Epidemiology http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd/article/view/70 <p>Cancer is a term used for a large group of diseases that result from the transformation of normal cells into tumor cells. After cardiovascular diseases, cancer is the second leading cause of death from noncommunicable diseases. Vulnerable and socially disadvantaged people get cancer and die at an earlier age. In our country, cancer is registered with the Population-Based Active Cancer Registry System. Although the incidence of cancer in our country is higher in men than in the world, it is similar in women. In our country, lung cancer is the most common in men, and breast cancer is the first in women. Colorectal cancers are in the third place in men and women. 47.9% of breast cancers in women, 55.2% of cervical cancers, and 34.1% of colorectal cancers in women and men are localized at the time of diagnosis. Free breast, colorectal and cervical cancer screenings in our country have a great contribution to the detection of these cancers at the localized stage. 56.5% of lung cancer is diagnosed when there is distant metastasis. The etiology of 90-95% of all cancer cases is based on the environment and lifestyle. Between 30 and 50% of cancers can be prevented, primarily by not using tobacco products, maintaining a healthy body weight, eating a healthy diet, including fruits and vegetables, exercising regularly, avoiding alcohol and other risk factors, and implementing evidence-based prevention strategies. Many cancers have a good chance of recovery if they are detected early and treated appropriately.</p> Emine Baran Deniz Copyright (c) 2022 Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 3 2 102 111 Healthy Nutrition in Current Scientific Research http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd/article/view/65 <p>Nutrition is one of the controllable factors for a healthy life. For this reason, information on healthy eating is increasingly in the interest of health professionals. In addition, the importance of healthy nutrition is increasing more in preventive medicine recommendations and treatment guidelines against diseases. It is of great importance for both patients and physicians to follow up-to-date information on healthy nutrition. In this study, it is aimed to show the concepts of correct meal frequency and calorie restriction regarding healthy nutrition by examining current scientific researches. According to current current evidence, to eat healthy; to reduce the frequency of meals, if possible, to eat two meals a day, late in the morning and early in the evening, to collect all calorie intake in two meals by removing snacks, to keep the daily calorie needs calculated according to individual needs under control, to apply calorie restriction to prevent calorie excess, in order to protect from the negative effects of the restriction, it will be useful to apply a moderate calorie restriction that includes around 20% daily calorie restriction.</p> Hasan Basri Savas Copyright (c) 2022 Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 3 2 112 114 Remote Health Service Provision-Samsun Sample http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd/article/view/67 <p>Due to the content of the health service type of service, it is separated from other types of services. Recently, global events and technological developments have caused changes in service delivery. Remote health care has emerged as an opportunity in health service delivery. Within the scope of the pandemic process, the Ministry of Health announced the Tele-Health System in order to reduce the transmission and to reach the health services without threatening the public health of the risky people. It is aimed to develop this practice, which started in public hospitals, and family medicine practice processes from primary health care services. Samsun province was chosen as a pilot province for this application. Experiences have been made for those who benefit from health service provision in many areas such as conditions requiring special follow-up, chronic diseases, disabled and elderly individuals, and home health patients from this service. As a result, it is reported that the service can be used in the follow-up and follow-up of individuals, and at the same time, it will be more appropriate to use in operations such as proper nutrition, chronic wound care, increasing the use of breast milk, breastfeeding training, awareness in pregnant women, and counseling services to the relatives of bedridden patients at home.</p> Hatice Öz Copyright (c) 2022 Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 3 2 115 118 Digital Health Tracking and Health Literacy http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd/article/view/68 <p>Digital health is expressed as a general umbrella term for the use of information and communication technologies in health-related<br />services and processes (tele medicine, telehealth, telepharmacy, mobile health, etc.). Many concepts such as artificial intelligence, mobile applications and wearable technologies can also be considered in digital health.</p> <p>The World Health Organization (WHO) is harnessing the power of digital technologies and health innovation to accelerate global attainment<br />of health and the well-being.</p> <p>WHO Turkey Country Office Refugee Health Programme together with its main partner, Ministry of Health of Türkiye conduct some digital<br />health pilot applications to increase health literacy among refugees.</p> Berk Geroğlu Copyright (c) 2022 Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 3 2 119 121 Remote Health Service Delivery (Telemedicine) Project http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd/article/view/63 <p>With the developing technological opportunities, health services have started to be offered through digital platforms and the need to expand telemedicine and telehealth services has emerged. When the health effects of the pandemic were examined, early deaths and morbidity due to Covid-19 came to the fore in the acute period, while the effect of resource limitations on non-covid emergencies was also observed. In addition to the negative effects of the disruptions experienced in the access of individuals with chronic diseases to services, psychological traumas and economic losses have also taken their place among the problems we face as the pandemic period gets longer. With the remote health service delivery project, it is aimed to increase access to health services, increase self-management of patients, and be prepared against health threats such as Covid-19 by reducing the density of physical applications in health institutions. The project covers elderly individuals over 18 years of age with chronic diseases and those over 65 years of age. Employees and patients of Family Health Centers, Healthy Life Centers and Immigrant Health Centers in Ankara, Konya and Samsun provinces are within the scope of the project. It is aimed to develop a distance health service delivery model in primary health care services and to ensure the use of remote health care services by training the target population (individuals aged 18 and over with chronic diseases and health workers).</p> Banu Ekinci Copyright (c) 2022 Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 3 2 122 124 Health Literacy on Environmental Health and Climate Change http://saglikokuryazarligidergisi.com/index.php/soyd/article/view/62 <p>Environmental Health Literacy is an emerging field of study that incorporates content and strategies from the environment, health and social sciences to promote understanding of how environmental pollutants affect health. Climate change health literacy, on the other hand, is a field of study that has recently started to develop in our country and in the world, which includes the reflections of the environmental effects of climate change on health, the scope and effects of measures to reduce and adapt.</p> <p>In the transfer of information on health issues, it is of great importance to convey the right subject to the right target audience, in the right way, with the appropriate methodology, at the right time. Considering that misunderstandings can affect the health of individuals and societies, it is important to transfer the curricula that have been proven to be effective and prepared by expert teams to target audiences. Another issue is that the subjects learned create a behavioral change on individuals and societies, so that the effectiveness of the trainings can be mentioned with the use of information. Monitoring effectiveness with evidence-based measurements at all stages and demonstrating the benefits of studies is an effective climate advocacy strategy. It should be noted that measuring the effects of climate change in terms of economic and health outcomes is much more effective than just discussing the environment.</p> Tufan Nayir Copyright (c) 2022 Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 3 2 125 129