Turkey Health Literacy Journal 2023-08-03T09:02:31+00:00 Prof. Dr. Seçil Özkan Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Turkey Health Literacy Journal</strong> aims to bring together the parties working on the fields of health protection/development and healthy life on a joint platform. Health literacy means individuals achieving the necessary knowledge, skill and self-confidence level for changing their lifestyle and conditions towards improving self health and social health. It is also closely linked to understanding challenging health conditions and issues. Due to the healthcare services perceived sometimes as complex and confusing, many people have a hard time getting information about health and healthcare options.</p> <p><strong>Turkey Health Literacy Journal</strong> is an academic journal including the scientific studies, researches and analyses conducted towards the purpose of protecting and developing the health of individuals and improving the quality of life.</p> <p><strong>Turkey Health Literacy Journal</strong> is a scientific periodical publication that handles the topics of "Health Literacy" with an interdisciplinary approach in Turkey. Scientific projections of future point out to the need for strengthening the cooperation platforms on the field of health literacy. It is a platform appropriate for knowledge exchange at international level in the field of health literacy.</p> Knowledge, Attitude, and Readiness to Practice (KArP) of Healthcare Professionals toward disaster management at Ali-Abad teaching hospital (one of the major public hospitals in Afghanistan). 2023-07-26T12:39:54+00:00 Sayed Abdullah Sadaat Ahmad Abed Ahmadi Hulya Sirin <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and Readiness to Practice (KArP) level of healthcare staff at Ali Abad teaching hospital in Kabul Afghanistan toward disaster management and preparedness. <strong>Methods</strong>: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire in March 2023 with some 107 healthcare staff at Ali-Abad teaching hospital. The chi-square test was used to compare the difference in KArP status between the independent categorical variables. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare the participants’ scale scores across their socio-demographic characteristics. <strong>Results:</strong> Ninety-eight (91.58%) healthcare staff accepted to participate in the study. Only 35.7% of health workers had a good level of knowledge about disaster management and preparedness, 53.1% of healthcare personnel had a positive attitude toward disaster management and preparedness, and nearly 54.1% of health workers scored moderate on the Readiness to Practice scale. Medical doctors, healthcare staff with longer work experience, and those with a history of exposure to disasters had significantly higher KArP scores than their comparative groups. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> A moderate level of attitude among respondents is a good opportunity to adopt our educational policies to increase the level of knowledge and Readiness to Practice among health workers in Afghanistan.</p> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Turkey Health Literacy Journal Gençlerin Öğrenim Yaşamı Boyunca Okul İklimi Deneyimleri 2023-06-08T08:59:35+00:00 Baran Alkan Elif Gizem Ertuğrul Kerem Gözaydın Yağmur Sena Tosun Aslı Akyol İrem Sığındı Damla Eken Elif Sözeri Salih Özayaşlıol Şükrü Atak Mustafa Enes Özden Tülin Çoban Mahmut Saadi Yardım L. Hilal Özcebe <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of the study is to evaluate the university school climate of the students and to investigate the mistreatment from teachers that students are exposed to throughout their education life.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Method: </strong>The research datas are collected with the Questionnaire for the demographic information of the students, the University Climate Scale and the Educational Violance Experience Questionnaire.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results: </strong>The sample of this study included 425 medical faculty students; the average age of the participants is 22,33 (SD:2,25). The 51.8% of participants stated that they had been exposed to trainer mistreatment. The participants were exposed to verbal mistreatment in primary school with the highest 22.4%, were exposed to emotional mistreatment in high school with the highest 19.5%, were exposed to emotional mistreatment with the highest 26.6 at the university. The 34.1% of participants evaluated the university climate as positive (open), while 28.5% evaluated the university climate as negative (closed). While 48,8% of the participants who evaluated the university climate as negative stated that they were exposed to mistreatment. It is fact that there is a significant relationship between the participants who stated that they were exposed to mistreatment and the more negative (closed) evaluation of the university climate (p&lt;.05).</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion: </strong>One of every two participants participating in our study declared that they were exposed to trainer mistreatment throughout their education life. Students who were exposed to mistreatment interpreted the university climate more negatively.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Key Words: </strong>Mistreatment, trainer violance, violance, school climate.</p> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Turkey Health Literacy Journal Determination of Occupational Safety Culture and Job Satisfaction Levels of Factory Employees 2023-06-08T08:57:40+00:00 Elif Saraç <p>The automotive sector has wide-ranging risks in terms of occupational safety. Workers in the vehicle maintenance and repair business in this sector may be exposed to serious physical and chemical hazards such as getting their hands and feet stuck between moving machine parts, hitting falling objects, fire and explosion. In this context, it is essential to establish and maintain a culture of occupational safety. Developing a culture of occupational safety, creating a positive and safe environment in the workplace is effective both in increasing job satisfaction and in reducing occupational accidents. Aim of the study was to determine the occupational safety culture and job satisfaction levels of factory employees and their relationship with effective factors. The study is descriptive. The data were collected by socio-demographic characteristics form and Occupational Safety Culture Scale and Minnesota Job Satisfaction Scale. 154 personnel participated in the study and the participation rate is 70%.The data were evaluated in SPSS &nbsp;20.00 Package program. &nbsp;The mean age of the participants is 42.34±7.89. The youngest age to start work was 8. A significant positive correlation was found between “Management's Security Commitment” and “Safety Behaviors” (p&lt;0.05, r:0.520). 52% of the employees witnessed a work accident. They stated that the most common cause of occupational accident was “indifference and inattention (58.4%).There was no significant difference between the job satisfaction of the employees and the status of having and witnessing a work accident (p&gt; 0.005). As the age of the employees increased, their level of knowledge on risk analysis increased.The safety perceptions of single ones, the job satisfaction of youngs and university graduates were high. The more the management's commitment to occupational safety practices, the higher the safe behavior of the employees.According to this, the importance of occupational safety culture should be adopted by all employees and managers, creating a positive communication environment in the workplace by following international practices and increasing job satisfaction. It is recommended to carry out activities to increase</p> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Turkey Health Literacy Journal Development and Integration of Health Literacy Education with Innovative Methods in Medical Curricula Across Europe-HELEM-EU 2023-07-24T07:08:15+00:00 Seçil Özkan Olga Gershuni Hulya SIRIN L.Hilal ÖZCEBE Joaquín García-Estañ López Sarp ÜNER Igor VITALE Sevgi TURAN Mustafa ALTUNSOY Metin HASDE Asiye U. DIKMEN H. Ahmet PEKEL <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The HELEM-EU project is aimed at developing a health literacy education program for medical education curricula, conducting pilot applications and assessment evaluations, and developing a health literacy education program to be used in medical education across Europe. HELEM-EU is a three-year project (1/9/2020- 30/8/2023), funded by the European Union ERASMUS+ Program (Higher Education). Gazi University is the project coordinator. Project partners are the University of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Lokman Hekim University, University of Murcia (Spain), Maastricht University (Netherlands), and IIAPHS (Italy). Health literacy means achieving a level of knowledge, personal skills, and confidence to change lifestyles and living conditions, thereby improving personal and social health, and acting accordingly. Therefore, health literacy is more than being able to read brochures and make appointments. Health literacy is critically important to strengthen health communication by improving people's access to health information and their ability to effectively use the information they obtain. In other words, many issues such as what dose of any drug should be taken, understanding the meaning of test results, blood pressure and sugar measurements, being aware of the risks brought by some habits are covered by health literacy. Regardless of the level of development of countries, it is frequently discussed in the literature that health literacy levels are low worldwide. Therefore, many studies are being conducted to improve health literacy. However, applications generally tend to improve the level of health literacy knowledge of the public. Another important point related to health literacy is the approach to health literacy and health communication in health workers and medical faculty students, which is the main topic of our study. Therefore, increasing the approach of doctors and medical students to health literacy and the level of health communication will significantly contribute to the increase in the general health literacy level of the community and the establishment of effective health communication. The most fundamental way to achieve this is to integrate health literacy education into the medical faculty curriculum and to include courses, including practical lessons, to strengthen health communication. The HELEM-EU project is the first project to be carried out in Europe in terms of integrating "health literacy" into medical education. The target groups of the project include medical educators, administrators, non-governmental organizations, and medical students. In-depth interviews conducted in all stakeholder countries, survey studies, Delphi technique, and other needs assessment results have demonstrated the necessity of integrating the issue of health literacy into medical education. Developing a detailed, evidence-based education program in response to this will greatly contribute to the process of training doctors, and therefore to public health.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Turkey Health Literacy Journal Çevre ve Çocuk Sağlığı 2023-06-20T14:16:26+00:00 Nurbanu Karlı Öksüz <p><strong>Öz</strong></p> <p>Çocuk ve çevre sağlığı ilişkilendirilerek yapılan çalışmaların temel amacı çocuklarda ve onların ileriki yaşamlarında ortaya çıkan hastalık, sakatlık ve ölüm oranlarını azaltmaktır. Çocukların sağlığını etkileyebilecek riskler, kirleticiler veya bulaşanlar pek çok ortamda bulunabilir. Çocuk sağlığını etkileyen tehlikeler arasında hava kirliliği, su, sanitasyon ve vektör kaynaklı hastalıklar, kimyasallar, elektronik atıklar ve iklim değişikliği yer almaktadır. En büyük hastalık yükü, düşük ve orta gelirli ülkelerde ve en savunmasız popülasyonlar arasında bulunmaktadır. Çevre sağlık okuryazarlığı çevresel kirleticilerin sağlığı nasıl etkilediğinin anlaşılmasını teşvik etmek için çevre, sağlık ve sosyal bilimlerden içerik ve stratejiler içeren gelişmekte olan bir çalışma alanıdır. Çevre sağlığı ve okuryazarlığı hakkında insanların bilgi düzeyini ölçmek ve geliştirmek için ölçek geliştirilmesi ve kullanılması önemlidir. Çevreyle ilgili bazı ölçekler türkçeye uyarlanmıştır. Bununla birlikte Türkiye’de iç ortam çevresi ve tehlikeleri ile ilgili ölçek bulunmaması dikkat çekmektedir. Bu eksiklik aslında çok önemli tehlikeler barındıran iç ortamların nekadar gözardı edildiğini göstermektedir. Çocukların çevre sağlığı konusunun, akademik dünyanın ve toplumun önde gelen araştırma konularından birisi olması büyük önem taşımaktadır.&nbsp;Çevre, çocukların sağlığını korumanın ve sağlık eşitsizliklerini azaltmanın en temel unsurunu oluşturmaktadır. Çevresel riskleri uygun şekilde azaltmak için sağlık, enerji, ulaşım, sanayi/ticaret, konut ve su sektörleri gibi sektörler arası eylemler gerekli olacaktır.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Turkey Health Literacy Journal The Role of Community Pharmacists during the Pandemic in the World and in Our Country 2023-07-24T07:15:55+00:00 ÖZGECAN GÜL HIZAL ASİYE UĞRAŞ DİKMEN <p>Pharmacists, who are an important part of the health sector and interact intensively with the society within the scope of changing and developing pharmacy services, have turned into professionals who not only fulfill the duty of meeting the prescribed drugs, but also provide consultancy services to patients and closely follow their treatments by applying pharmaceutical care. During the COVID-19 pandemic, pharmacists have started to assume new roles and responsibilities, as well as continuing their pharmaceutical care and consultancy services at the local and national level. In the COVID-19 pandemic, which is accompanied by the infodemic and false information spreads faster than the truth, pharmacists have ensured that accurate information is delivered to the public from a reliable source, preventing them from worrying and panicking. In this study, the roles and responsibilities of pharmacists in our country and around the world during the pandemic were examined in the light of current literature, and it was aimed to take attention to the importance of the subject.</p> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Turkey Health Literacy Journal SCALE DEVELOPMENT STAGES SPECIFIC TO HEALTH LITERACY 2023-06-20T14:07:47+00:00 Tufan Nayir <p class="paragraphscxw244731876bcx8" style="margin: 0in; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%; vertical-align: baseline;"><span class="normaltextrunscxw244731876bcx8"><span lang="TR" style="color: black;">This review was written by following the scale development stages specific to health literacy, in order to help academicians who will develop a scale approach systematically, and also to facilitate their studies by providing easier access to information on the subject.</span></span></p> 2023-08-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Turkey Health Literacy Journal